Jewelry, decor items, cutlery are made from silver. Unfortunately, over time, such products can darken and lose their luster.
To clean silver from plaque, you can take it to a jewelry store, use a ready-made purchase tool, or try to do it yourself.
Why silver darkens and how to avoid it
Silver items most often blacken from high humidity, contact with cosmetics, sweat, detergents, rubber and other substances. Therefore, in order to prevent darkening, you should remove jewelry when washing, doing housework, dry the wet items with a flannel cloth and store them in a jewelry box. Rarely used jewelry can be wrapped in foil to protect against oxidation.
Preparing silver for cleaning
To prepare your silver for cleaning, first wash it in warm soapy water to remove any grease or dirt adhering to the surface. You can use a soft toothbrush to clean the recesses and recesses. Instead of soap, shampoos and dishwashing detergents are also suitable.
Cleaning Silver with Tooth Powder
Dip a damp, fluffy cloth in the toothpowder and rub it on all sides of the item. Do this carefully and carefully so as not to damage the precious metal and leave no scratches on it.
Ammonia in the fight against the darkening of jewelry
For cleaning jewelry with precious stones, ammonia is suitable. Dissolve 10 ml of ammonia in half a glass of water and dip the product into the solution for 20-30 minutes. After the procedure, dry the silver with a clean cloth. If the darkening is insignificant, you can clean the decoration with a cloth dipped in ammonia. But to combat persistent blackness, you will have to soak the product in pure alcohol, but for a maximum of 10 minutes.
Purification of silver with citric acid
Dilute 100 g of citric acid in two glasses of water, put copper wire in a container and place it in a water bath. When the liquid boils, dip silver items into the solution for 15 minutes. Then rinse the silver and dry thoroughly with a tissue.
How to polish silver with baking soda
You can also use baking soda to clean silver. Dilute it with water until a thick slurry is formed and clean it with a decoration. Another option is to dissolve 20 g of soda in a glass of water, put on the stove and bring to a boil. Dip the product with a piece of foil into boiling liquid and remove after 15 minutes.
Effortless silver cleaning
Pour two cups of water into an aluminum pan, add a teaspoon each of salt and baking soda and 10 ml of liquid dishwashing detergent. Mix the ingredients and put the pot on the fire. Dip the product in the solution and boil for 30 minutes. This recipe will allow you to clean plaque from silver without any mechanical effort.
What not to do
Cleaning silver with dry soda, salt – this can scratch the product.
- Abrasives and coarse brushes are also not recommended for gilded silver. For such products, the most gentle methods are needed. For example, a simple eraser can help out, with which jewelry is polished. The second option is soaking in warm water with a few peeled potatoes.
- Blackened silver should not be boiled or exposed to ammonia. It is better to choose a soapy solution.
- Silver jewelry with pearls, amber, corals is the most fragile, they are not suitable for aggressive compositions. You can wash products with soap or contact specialists.
To keep the result for a long time, silver products are not used immediately after cleaning – it is better to leave them for a couple of days in a box. Cleaning for prevention should be done once every couple of months – this will save the metal from severe darkening.